The Finnish company Plantagon promises to build the world’s first skyscraper by 2020, in which office spaces will coexist with multi-storey hydroponic vegetable farms.
In the modern megalopolis, wildlife sites are flourishing through the efforts of architects, even among concrete jungles. Someone smashes the gardens on the roofs of high-rises, someone makes year-round plants elements of natural decor. This helps not only to improve the quality of air, increasing the oxygen content in the city, but also allows you to eat fresh, natural vegetables, fruits and herbs. In addition, the ever-growing areas of industrial development reduce the number of fertile land needed for farming. Swedes, known for their love for everything natural, launched a new trend – “green” skyscrapers, or plantscrapers.
Plantagon, specializing in food production, is building a futuristic skyscraper in Linköping. In the territory of this high-rise building, apart from office space, there is a place for green spaces, which turns a skyscraper into a kind of multi-storey farm-garden. The project began in 2012, and its company plans to complete by 2020.
The first skyscraper will be called The World Food Building, and all products will be grown using hydroponics, that is, rooting in a nutrient solution, not in the soil. To ensure optimum yield, the whole process will be controlled autonomously: everything from watering to maintaining the temperature and light conditions and checking air quality will be monitored by robots through an autonomous system.
The construction of a “green” skyscraper will cost $ 40 million. Let the sum itself look impressive, but in the long term it is a very profitable investment – the building will produce products that are enough to feed 5000 people all year round. The authors of the project believe that this is a reliable solution to the local problem of availability of fresh plant foods, which eliminates fuel and energy costs, and improves the ecological situation in the city.
How “green” skyscraper will justify itself in practice? Time will tell. Taking into account the constant growth of the population of the Earth and the ever increasing demand for food, at first glance the transformation of the farm into a multi-storey structure with an automated plant care system looks like a very good alternative, in which other branches of agriculture can go in the future.