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5 Programming Languages for Web Development

5 Programming Languages for Web Development


There’s no question that, with the explosion of the internet, programming languages that target web development are all the rage these days. To the beginner, however, it’s easy to become daunted by the sheer plenitude of languages available; which ones are in-demand, and which languages are “best” for making web-based applications?

For example, if you’re making an application, is it better to use the markup language HTML5 for less control over errors but an easier time of it? Or, do you want to go deeper and use an actual language like C# catch all exceptions so that the end-user doesn’t suffer errors and unexpected crashes? It ultimately depends on your end goals for the website/software.

1. C – Sharp

Also written as C#, this in-demand programming language is one of the perennial favorites for web development. An offshoot of computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup’s C++, C# is supposed to make programming easier by adding in elements of Visual Basic with C++. In 2016, it was ranked by several publications as the fourth most popular programming language for people seeking employment.

It’s more for people who use Microsoft’s .NET framework, and works wonders in an enterprise environment where Visual Basic tends to dominate because of its productivity benefits and integration ability. Basically, it gets the job done when it comes to web development.

2. Python

Python makes most lists every single year; it is an industry standard programming language when it comes to web development and applications. In fact, because of its resemblance to the English language (the coding syntax is very readable even when compared to the if-else statements of C++), it is often the programming language of choice among beginning computer scientists.

Furthermore, because of its simplicity, Python is an apt stepping stone to other languages. It’s readability and “more bang for your buck” style of coding emphasis efficiency in web development, as you can build more using fewer lines of code. Lastly, Python integrates readily with other programming languages such as C, Java, .NET, Ruby and C-Sharp. To really increase your marketability to employers looking for web developers, learn the Python-based Django framework.

3. JavaScript

Without JavaScript, any list about web development tools would be incomplete. It takes a programmer well beyond HTML and CSS to make websites interactive. In fact, the most popular browsers – you’re likely using a few of these to surf the Web – employ JavaScript as the very centerpiece of their programming.

As a result of its popularity, JavaScript has many libraries and support. In fact, one powerful aspect of it is Node.js, which is growing quickly in usage rate because of the real-time communication abilities it confers on webpages via servers. Learn JavaScript, and your websites will become powerful and easy-to-use as the server-side code makes navigation on any screen a cinch – whether desktop or mobile.

4. SQL

More robust than many of its counterparts, SQL comes in many different forms:

  • The most popular, MySQL
  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • SQLite
  • PostgreSQL

Additionally, there are plenty of databases that lend support to the infrastructure. You can find SQL as the brains behind the websites and operations of many large corporations in just about any sector – healthcare, tech, business, etc. It’s even being used to develop more and more mobile applications as demand picks up speed.

DropBox and Google Drive use variations of it, for example. Social media websites such as LinkedIn and SQL is so ubiquitous that you undoubtedly use some aspect of it on your home computer. As such, it makes sense that it’s the most popular programming language when it comes to jobs in 2017.

5. Java

This is quite distinct from JavaScript; many beginning programmers think they are related – understandably. Java runs on literally billions of computing devices all around the world, and has successfully made the transition to mobile devices. It’s very readable and continues to remain compatible with other programs, which bodes well for its continued longevity as a web and application development tool. Plus; it’s still widely sought by start-ups and large companies, so the job prospects are good if you’re well-versed in it.



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